Experience Modern Greek Culture in Athens | Athens By Locals (2022)

Greek culture has fascinated people from all over the world since as early as ancient times. Being the birthplace of many notable philosophers, authors, and historical figures, Greece has always been a place of interest for culture buffs. Especially Athens, the city where democracy was born and which today is home to world-class sites, attracts foreigners’ attention more than any other city.

The country’s history has had a significant effect on Athens and has even shaped urban life in modern times. From its gastronomy scene to its culture and even its inhabitants, Athens has been influenced to a great extent by Greek traditions and customs.

Maintaining these traditions has enabled people to still keep their national identity alive after centuries of hardships and foreign invasions.

But which are the main characteristics of Greek culture though? This article aims to introduce foreigners to the fascinating modern Greek culture and prepare you for your next trip to Athens.

Religion in Greece

Religion has always played a very significant role in the way Greek culture was shaped and transformed through the centuries.

The country’s national religion is the Greek Orthodox Church and 98% of the population are Christian Orthodox. 1.3% of the inhabitants are Muslims while the rest 0.7% are Catholics, Jewish, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and others.

The majority of the Muslim Greek population lives in the northern mainland while most Catholics are found in the Cycladic Islands, meaning that Athens is predominantly Christian.

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You can easily see how important religion is for Greeks if you happen to visit during a Christian holiday like the Holy Week of Easter or Christmas.

Religious holidays are the most important dates of the year in Greece and are always accompanied by festive celebrations with some of the most unique customs you have ever experienced.

It is very common for families and friends to gather together to celebrate holidays such as Christmas or Easter, which have both cultural and social significance in Greek society.

Still, as society has evolved and modernized, there have been several changes in most traditional activities.

The same holds true for local cuisine. Each place around Greece is known for one or more specific dishes that, over time, have evolved to meet the needs of the new generations.

Greek Cuisine

Greek gastronomy scene holds a well-deserved reputation for being one of the most delicious and healthy cuisines worldwide.

Based on the Meditteranean diet, Greek cuisine dishes have olive oil, vegetables, fish or meat, grain, and all kinds of seasonal products and spices as their main ingredients.

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As Greeks lived under Ottoman rule for 400 years many of their traditional dishes are similar or the same as the ones you’ll find in Turkey and other neighboring countries. Some of them are tzatziki, dolmades, and moussaka.

Some dishes are cooked with slight differences in the regions around Greece or the Greek islands.

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Food is an extremely important part of Greek culture. On religious holidays and celebrations, it is a tradition to invite family members and friends to home and have dinner all together.

Food is always at the center of attention and a simple dinner becomes much more than sharing a meal; it’s a sort of intimate bonding among friends and family members that is almost regarded as sacred.

In many cases, food at traditional tavernas is accompanied by local wine and live music of a special kind; the famous decades-old genre of rebetika that is played with unique Greek instruments.

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Music in Greece

Did you know that the word music comes from the Greek word “musiki”?

Musiki in Greek means the art of the nine Muses.

While for most foreigners Greek music is the theme from the movie ‘Zorba the Greek’ and bouzouki, the country’s music scene is diverse and has a long history.

Music is deeply ingrained in the culture of Athens. In ancient times, music was taught to boys from the age of six and played an essential role in the Greek educational system. The lyre and the double-reed aulos are some of the instruments used at the time.

Ancient Greek music generally included mixed choirs for spiritual, celebratory, and entertainment purposes.

Later, music was influenced by the Byzantine and Roman Empires.

In the Byzantine era, more instruments were introduced including the laouto and the santouri while later in the Ottoman Empire folk songs (Dimotika Tragoudia) emerged.

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The renowned music style, Rebetiko, was introduced to Greek culture in the early 19th century.

Much has changed in the music scene ever since but until nowadays, local taverns host bands playing renowned rebetika songs with musicians that still use instruments whose origins date back millennia.

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In the 20th century, many social and cultural changes carved a new destiny for local Greek folk songs. During recent decades, what can be described as nightclubs for Greek music (or simply “bouzoukia” as locals call them) have emerged throughout the city, becoming one of the most beloved forms of entertainment for Athenians.

Of course, Athens is a modern metropolis and your options for a night out don’t have to include Greek music necessarily. Just have a look below at our guide to nightlife in Athens for a few more exciting alternatives.

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Plate Smashing

Whenever any discussion for Greek music is had, it is inevitable for the custom of plate smashing to be brought up by foreigners. Some have seen it in movies while others have heard about it through friends who have visited Greece before.

However, unfortunately for some -and fortunately for a few others- plate smashing during celebrations is quickly becoming a thing of the past.

The origin of the practice is unknown, but it was mainly associated with the expression of happiness, joy, and love for each other. It was also associated with the expression of appreciation for the music or the singer.

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Decades ago, it was very common to witness some very passionate plate smashing at the “bouzoukia”, at small gatherings, or even family dinners. Nowadays, plate smashing is generally frowned upon by younger people who prefer to joke about it (and sometimes do it in an ironic way).

Still, it’s not entirely improbable that you’ll witness this unique spectacle yourself in a smaller town or a private party!

The Notion of the Greek Family & Greek Hospitality

This is perhaps the most important element of Greek culture, although it may sound way too obvious.

The notion of family in Greece is not necessarily limited to family members but also very close friends of the family and their respective families.

In general, families tend to stick together for better or worse and anyone with a Greek family already knows that holidays and important dates such as birthdays and name days are reserved exclusively for family celebrations.

Experience Modern Greek Culture in Athens | Athens By Locals (9)

That doesn’t mean however that locals are keeping among themselves. Far from it.

Greeks are very hospitable people and will be more than happy to give directions, talk, show you around, or even invite you to a gathering.

If you ever get the chance to enjoy a celebration along with a Greek family or group of friends, you’ll quickly find out that your presence there alone is enough for them to accept you as one of their own.

Don’t be alarmed if everyone is constantly checking up on you; it’s very common for locals to look out for guests and to make sure they are comfortable – and of course, well fed!

Important Traditional Festivities in Greece

Greeks celebrate several traditional festivities throughout the year. Here we will list some of the most important dates to look out for your next trip to Athens.

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Easter

For Greeks, Easter is a major religious holiday and they have specific customs for the whole Holy Week. On Maundy Thursday women dye eggs in red color and bake traditional sweet cookies and cakes. On Good Friday, a procession following the tomb of Christ takes place in every neighborhood. On Holy Saturday the whole family goes to church and then has dinner at home and on Easter Sunday Greeks celebrate, eat and drink from early in the afternoon.

Christmas

Christmas is also an important religious holiday for Greeks. It is a tradition to have turkey for lunch or dinner on Christmas day while on Christmas Eve many locals hold réveillon or hit the city’s nightclubs and bars.

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Carnival

Greeks celebrate the Carnival (Apokries) which lasts for three weeks and ends on Clean Monday with the beginning of Lent. The greatest celebrations take place on the final weekend and locals dress up with costumes and party in the streets.

Ohi Day

Ohi Day is celebrated on the 28th of October every year because on that day in 1940 the Greek dictator Ioannis Metaxas said ohi (no) to the Italian forces invading the country. On that day parades take place in every neighborhood around the country.

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Greek Independence Day

Greek Independence Day commemorates the declaration of the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire. It is a national holiday and parades take place all over the country.

Name day

Most Greeks have been named after a saint of the Orthodox Church and they celebrate their names on the saint’s day. It is common to have visitors at home and to offer sweets and pastries or even have a big dinner with friends and family. For Greeks ‘name day’ is almost as important as birthday and is celebrated in a very similar way.

The unique custom of Martis

If you have ever visited Athens in the springtime before, you may have noticed the red and white bracelets on women’s heads or hands.

All over Greece, people celebrate spring by wearing bracelets made of red and white flowers, commonly referred to as Martis (translating to “March” in Greek).

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They wear this bracelet for the whole month of March, and it is one of these traditions that have not changed over the 9,000 years of Greek history.

The color white symbolizes purity, while red is a symbol of passion and life. In ancient Greek, it was often believed that this bracelet would protect the wearer from all kinds of diseases and the strong light of the spring sun.

Superstition

A few decades ago, people in Athens and all-around Greece used to be very superstitious and believed in all sorts of paranormal and supernatural events.

Naturally, through the course of time, these superstitions faded away but not without leaving their mark on Greek culture.

There are some people who still believe in superstitions and others that completely ignore them but one thing is for certain: you are bound to hear about one or more of them while visiting Athens.

Below we will list the most common ones.

  • Evil Eye

Many believe that a person can catch “matiasma” widely known as the evil eye, by a malevolent glare from envious people. Matiasma causes injury or misfortune to others.

According to local beliefs, wearing a charm such as a blue marble glass with an eye painted on it is the best way to avoid or reduce the effects of the evil eye.

In Greek culture, the color blue (turquoise) is considered to be effective against the evil eye. Ironically, this color is also believed to be the one causing matiasma to people.

The use of garlic is, according to local beliefs, another way to prevent the evil eye, and therefore, it used to be quite common for Greeks to hang garlic at their homes’ entrances.

  • Priests

In villages and the suburbs, it’s a custom for people to kiss the hand of a priest and it’s also a belief that seeing a priest and a black cat on the same day it’s a sign of bad luck or an upcoming danger.

  • Knives

Another popular belief is that handing a knife to someone will cause a fight between the two. Therefore, Greeks usually place the knives on the table and let the other person pick them up.

  • Sneezing

According to those who believe in superstitions, sneezing means that there is someone, somewhere talking about you.

What’s even more interesting is that you can guess who that is by asking someone close to you for a random three-digit number.

Just add up the digits and find the letter of the alphabet that corresponds to the sum. That is the initial letter of the person’s name.

  • Salt

Seeing a black cat cross your path, breaking a mirror, or getting the evil eye may result in unfortunate situations. But if you act fast and throw some salt over your shoulder, you just might be able to escape the bad luck.

The Official Language of Greece

Even though there are local dialectal variations in the different regions across the country, Greece’s official language is Greek.

For many years the language was divided into katharevoussa (which means purified language) and was used by the country’s literate crowd and was taught in schools and dimotiki, which translates to popular (language) and was the one used by people in their everyday life.

However, since 1976 dimotiki is the official language of modern Greece. Unlike in other parts of Greece, Athens’ inhabitants don’t have a special local dialect or accent.

All in all, Greek culture and how it manifests in the daily life of Athens is quite a complicated matter. This guide serves as a small stepping stone to getting in touch with the city and its traditions. But the only way you can experience what local culture truly is all about is by visiting Athens and finding out for yourself!

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FAQs

What was the culture like in Athens? ›

Ancient Athenians were a thoughtful people who enjoyed the systematic study of subjects such as science, philosophy, and history, to name a few. Athenians placed a heavy emphasis on the arts, architecture, and literature. The Athenians built thousands of temples and statues that embodied their understanding of beauty.

What is important in Greek culture? ›

Overview. The Greeks made important contributions to philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. Literature and theatre was an important aspect of Greek culture and influenced modern drama. The Greeks were known for their sophisticated sculpture and architecture.

How is the Greek culture? ›

The social life of most Greeks deeply involves their relatives and the extended family plays a strong role in one's life. Greeks tend to be very proud of their families. Being a collectivist culture, a person's family name and background influences perceptions of an individual's reputation, status and honour.

What is Athens known for? ›

Athens is known to be the birthplace of democracy and the idea that all citizens should have a voice in governing their society. Athens also houses many historic landmarks, such as temples and theatres, which were made by ancient architects during the Classical period.

How has Ancient Greece influenced our culture today? ›

They influenced almost every part of today's world, such as government, language, and architecture, as well as making scientific advancements. Also, the successes of these two civilizations lead to many countries modeling most of their public facilities and systems after the ones found in Greece and Rome.

What is the most important thing about Athens? ›

Athens is home to the first known democracy.

Democracy was established in Athens around 500 B.C. It was based on a direct democracy system, in which eligible citizens directly voted on laws.

How would you describe Athens? ›

Athens was the largest and most powerful Greek state. It was a city with lots of beautiful public buildings, shops and public baths. The people of Athens lived below the Acropolis (rocky hill). The marble Parthenon, a temple, (see picture above) was built on the highest part of the Acropolis.

What are 5 interesting facts about Greece? ›

14 fun facts about Greece you never knew
  • Greece is made up of thousands of islands. ...
  • Greece has 18 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. ...
  • 80% of Greece is made up of mountains. ...
  • No part of Greece is more than 137 kilometres away from the ocean. ...
  • Greece has a diverse array of wildlife.
27 Aug 2021

How is life in Athens today? ›

Today's Athens has been cleared of its air pollution, its noise and its ugly sites and is now working fast to enter a new era and become a well-known modern city. The projects to freshen-up the city are very ambitious, entire areas of the historical centre are being cleaned up and completely pedestrianised.

What is the Greek culture called? ›

When most English speakers say “Greek” today, they mean the people and culture associated with the modern nation-state of Greece. “Hellenism”, however, is something bigger. From ancient times, the language, culture, and values of the Hellenes has significantly impacted the world.

What is Greece known for today? ›

Greece is famous for its sandy beaches, volcanic islands, and stunning temples. It's also known as the birthplace of democracy, philosophy, drama and the Olympic Games.

When did Greek culture start? ›

The civilization of Ancient Greece emerged into the light of history in the 8th century BC.

What are Greek values? ›

The Greeks valued beauty, art, intellect, honor, and truth; the list is long. Some of these values are shown through the story of the Odyssey, which tells of the adventures of Odysseus and his family.

What kind of people were the Greeks? ›

The Greeks were great thinkers, warriors, writers, actors, athletes, artists, architects and politicians. The Greeks called themselves Hellenes and their land was Hellas.

What are the major cultural achievements of Athens? ›

What were the major cultural achievements of Athens?
  • The temples on the acropolis in Athens were examples of the Greek talent for architecture. ...
  • Athenians enjoyed dramas staged in large open-air theaters. ...
  • The Greeks competed in athletic events at the Panathenaic Games and the Olympics.

Why do people visit Athens? ›

Athens is steeped in history and culture, from the ancient ruins dotted around the city, to its fascinating museums. You'll never be stuck for things to see and do, whether you're exploring the winding streets of Plaka or admiring the grand Temple of Olympian Zeus.

Is Athens a beautiful city? ›

"World of Statistics" ranked the Greek capital as among the ten most beautiful cities in the world. More specifically, Athens is in sixth place, with a rate of 77.5% and right behind the Italian cities of Venice and Rome, as well as Barcelona, ​​Prague and New York.

Why is ancient Greek culture significant to modern times? ›

The culture of Greece was evolved over thousands of years, and is widely considered to be the cradle of modern Western culture. This is because political systems and procedures such as democracy, trial by jury and lawful equality originated there.

What 5 main contributions did the Greeks make to modern society? ›

7 Things the Ancient Greeks Gave Us
  • Western Philosophy. Socrates. ...
  • Olympics. The Olympic games first began on the island of “Pelops” in the western Peloponnese in 776 BCE. ...
  • Marathon. ...
  • Alarm Clock. ...
  • Umbrellas. ...
  • Cartography (Maps) ...
  • Western Theater (Drama)

What are some of the area of our lives that ancient Greek culture still has influence over today? ›

The water mill, the odometer, the alarm clock, cartography, olympics, basis of geometry, earliest practice of medicine, modern philosophy and discoveries in modern science are the top 10 inventions and discoveries of ancient Greeks that are still used today.

What does Athens mean in Greek? ›

From Middle English Athens, from Old French Athenes, Atenes, from Latin Athēnae pl (acc. Athēnās), from Ancient Greek Ἀθῆναι pl (Athênai), the plural form of Ἀθήνη (Athḗnē, “Athena”), the goddess. More at Athena.

What are people from Athens called? ›

pertaining to Athens, Greece. a native or citizen of Athens, Greece.

Why is Athens called Athens? ›

The name of Athens, connected to the name of its patron goddess Athena, originates from an earlier Pre-Greek language. The origin myth explaining how Athens acquired this name through the legendary contest between Poseidon and Athena was described by Herodotus, Apollodorus, Ovid, Plutarch, Pausanias and others.

What is Athens in Greece famous for developing? ›

Athens was one of the most important and powerful cities in Greece during the Classical period. It was also the first of the Greek city states fully to develop democracy.

What was life like for an Athenian woman? ›

In Athens, women generally couldn't own property, couldn't vote, and weren't allowed to participate in the government. In other city-states, women had a few more rights, but still had less rights than men. Women usually had no say in who they married. They were "given" in marriage by their father to another man.

How do you say Athens in Greek? ›

Athens - Athens ( ATH-inz; Greek: Αθήνα, romanized: Athína [aˈθina] (listen); Ancient Greek: Ἀθῆναι, romanized: Athênai (pl.)

Why do people love Greece? ›

Greece is famous for its amazing beaches and clear-blue waters. In addition, the perfect beauty of Cycladic architecture, incredible sunset spots, and warm summer weather makes it one of Europe's most popular vacation destinations.

What does Greek people speak? ›

The official language of Greece is Greek, spoken by 99% of the population. In addition, a number of non-official, minority languages and some Greek dialects are spoken as well. The most common foreign languages learned by Greeks are English, German, French and Italian.

Where is modern day Athens? ›

Today we feature the city of Athens, located in south-east Greece, the capital and largest city of the country. Situated on the Attic plain on the Greek mainland, it is surrounded by mountains on three sides, the most important of which are Párnis, Pendéli, and Hymettus (Imittós).

What did people in Athens do for fun? ›

Other than theater, the Greeks also engaged in dancing, music, and philosophy. Games like the ancient Olympic Games, Pythian Games, and the Nemean games were also hosted at various places. Thus every time of the year had something or the other to keep the citizens engaged.

What was daily life like in ancient Greece? ›

The ancient Greeks kept themselves busy and there were plenty of chores, distractions and entertainments available to keep daily life varied. Shopping in the markets of the agora, performing jury service, watching sporting events or listening to the latest play kept the Greeks out of the house.

How did ancient Greeks dress? ›

Clothing for both women and men consisted of two main garments—a tunic (either a peplos or chiton) and a cloak (himation). The peplos was simply a large rectangle of heavy fabric, usually wool, folded over along the upper edge so that the overfold (apoptygma) would reach to the waist.

How did Greek culture spread? ›

Alexander spread Greek culture throughout the Persian Empire, including parts of Asia and Africa. Alexander respected the local cultures he conquered, and allowed their customs to continue.

What type of food do Greeks eat? ›

The Greeks eat bread, grains, potatoes, rice, and pasta nearly every day. Staples of the Greek diet include olives (and olive oil), eggplant, cucumbers, tomatoes, spinach, lentils, and other types of beans, lemons, nuts, honey, yogurt, feta cheese, eggs, fish, chicken, and lamb.

What is Greece known for most? ›

Greece is known for being the cradle of Western Civilization, the birthplace of democracy, the Olympic Games, and its ancient history and magnificent temples. Ancient temples in Greece include the Parthenon at the Acropolis in Athens, the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, and the Temple of Poseidon at Sounion.

Why is Greece popular with tourists? ›

Greece has long been a popular destination for tourists from all over the world, in part due to its ancient cultural history and many archaeological sites, such as those in the capital city of Athens.

How would you describe Greece? ›

Greece has the longest coastline in Europe and is the southernmost country in Europe. The mainland has rugged mountains, forests, and lakes, but the country is well known for the thousands of islands dotting the blue Aegean Sea to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Ionian Sea to the west.

What did the Greeks look like? ›

According to Coon [4], Greeks are quite tall for Europeans, as tall as northern Frenchmen, but not as tall as Scandinavians. They are relatively broad and stocky with well-developed musculature, much like their prehistoric ancestors [13]. 90% of them have some sort of brown hair from dark to light inclining to blond.

Where does Greek come from? ›

A very brief history of the Greek language

Modern Greek is derived from Koine, a common dialect of Ancient Greek that was understood throughout the Greek-speaking world at that time. In the 19th century, Modern Greek became the official language of the Kingdom of Greece.

Where did the Greek culture originate? ›

The culture of Greece has evolved over thousands of years, beginning in Minoan and later in Mycenaean Greece, continuing most notably into Classical Greece, while influencing the Roman Empire and its successor the Byzantine Empire.

How can I be respectful in Greece? ›

Greek Etiquette & Manners
  1. Greeks are warm and hospitable.
  2. When meeting someone for the first time, they shake hands firmly, smile, and maintain direct eye contact.
  3. Good friends often embrace; they may also kiss each other on each cheek. Male friends often slap each other's arm at the shoulder.

What did the Greeks believe? ›

The ancient Greeks believed in gods who were involved in all aspects of human life—work, theater, justice, politics, marriage, battle. There was no separation of church and state. The gods of this ancient Greek pantheon were very human.

What kind of society did the Greeks value? ›

The Greeks valued a family oriented,open society. What does this passage reveal about ancient Greek Attitudes toward the importance of community? The Greeks found it important to participate and live in the community with others. This way of living was a indication of an advanced society.

What was Athenian society like? ›

Athenian society was composed of four main social classes - slaves, metics (non-citizen freepersons), women, and citizens, but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens).

How did the Greeks live? ›

Daily life in ancient Greece

Ancient Greece had a warm, dry climate, as Greece does today. Most people lived by farming, fishing and trade. Others were soldiers, scholars, scientists and artists. Greek cities had beautiful temples with stone columns and statues, and open-air theatres where people sat to watch plays.

Who were the first people in Greek? ›

The First Greeks. Two major groups of people, the Minoans and the Mycenaeans, were the first to populate the Greek peninsula. Not much is known about either of these groups because they did not leave an abundance of written or physical evidence to provide clues about their civilization.

What is Athens religion? ›

Religion in Greece is dominated by Christianity, in particular the Greek Orthodox Church, which is within the larger communion of the Eastern Orthodox Church. It represented 90% of the total population in 2015 and is constitutionally recognized as the "prevailing religion" of Greece.

What was the culture like in Sparta? ›

Spartan culture was centered on loyalty to the state and military service. Spartan boys entered a rigorous state-sponsored education, military training and socialization program. Known as the Agoge, the system emphasized duty, discipline and endurance.

What was important to Athenian society? ›

While Spartans valued military strength, Athenians placed a higher value on education and culture. Their main goal was building a democracy. Athenians believed that the only way to build a strong democracy was to create well informed citizens. Boys were educated.

What is Athenian education? ›

The primary purpose of Athenian education was to produce thinkers, people well-trained in arts and sciences, people prepared for peace or war. Young Athenian boys were tutored at home until the age of six or seven, and then they were sent to neighborhood schools for primary education until they were 14 years of age.

What were Athens cultural achievements? ›

What were the major cultural achievements of Athens?
  • The temples on the acropolis in Athens were examples of the Greek talent for architecture. ...
  • Athenians enjoyed dramas staged in large open-air theaters. ...
  • The Greeks competed in athletic events at the Panathenaic Games and the Olympics.

What language did the Athenians speak? ›

Attic dialect, Ancient Greek dialect that was the language of ancient Athens. Its closest relative was the Ionic dialect of Euboea.

What gods did Athens believe in? ›

The Olympian Gods
  • Zeus.
  • Athena.
  • Apollo.
  • Poseidon.
  • Hermes.
  • Hera.
  • Aphrodite.
  • Demeter.

What it's like living in Athens? ›

Athens embodies everything wondrous about the Mediterranean lifestyle: brilliant cuisine, appealing weather, endless leisure activities, and a relaxed approach to day-to-day life that focuses on family, friendship, and tradition. Athens is truly the pulsing heart of Greece.

What did Athenians value most? ›

The Athenians valued education and the arts and believed that educated people made the best citizens.

What was life in ancient Greece like? ›

Ancient Greece had a warm, dry climate, as Greece does today. Most people lived by farming, fishing and trade. Others were soldiers, scholars, scientists and artists. Greek cities had beautiful temples with stone columns and statues, and open-air theatres where people sat to watch plays.

What was the most important aspect of life in Athens? ›

The most important aspect of life in Athens was slavery because one-third of the population of Athens, about 100,000 people, were enslaved. Most Greek households could not run without slaves.

How did Athens treat their citizens? ›

Each citizen was expected to make his own case. Athenian democracy depended on every citizen fulfilling his role. All citizens were expected to vote, but they were also expected to serve in the government if necessary. In Athens, the people governed, and the majority ruled.

What were the rights and responsibilities of Athenian citizens? ›

All Athenian citizens had the right to vote in the Assembly, debate, own land and own slaves. All Athenian citizens were expected to have military training, be educated, pay their taxes and serve Athens in times of war. Any citizen over the age of thirty whose name is drawn for the Boule must comply.

What did Athens girls do? ›

Their primary responsibilities were bearing, raising and caring for children, weaving cloth and making clothes. They would also have been responsible for caring for ill household members, supervising slaves, and ensuring that the household had sufficient food.

What were girls taught in Athens? ›

Instead of formal education, girls were taught basic and domestically-oriented skills by other females of the family. Girls would learn how to run and care for a household, manage servants and slaves (this applied to wealthy households only), how to weave and sew clothes, and how to cook and raise children.

What did Athenian girls learn? ›

Girls were educated at home with the goal being they would become homemakers themselves, they were only taught to read and write if their mother, or private help would do so. However, they often participated in sports such as wrestling, in order to keep them strong and healthy.

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