Multiple Choice Questions (2022)

  • In her work on Italian children’s play, Rebecca New used whichconcept to interpret her findings?
  • A.developmental pathways

    B. developmentalniche

    C.developmental domain

    D.developmental outcomes

  • Which of the following IS NOT a component of the developmental niche?
  • A.physical and social setting

    B.childrearing customs and practices

    C.psychology of the caregivers

    D. politicalorganization

  • One example of the developmental niche component – thepsychology of the caregivers that surfaced in New’s work was:
  • A. mothers’ concern for the infants’ well-being

    B. the physical setting of the home

    C. parents believed they should be their child’s play partner

    D. teaching a child to pursue his or her own interests

  • In her work, New discovered a connection between play andculture. Which of the following IS TRUE?
  • A. mothers rarely verbally communicated with their infant

    B. women engaged infants in more rough– n– tumble play than mostmen did

    C. parents believed one important role was for them to be theirinfant’s play partner

    D. play was not a context for learning

  • Which of the following individuals defined culture as “thatcomplex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom andany other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society?
  • A. Sir Edward Tylor

    B. Charles Darwin

    C. Michael Cole

    D. Franz Boaz

  • One recent metaphor ofculture includes our skills, abilities, practices, scripts and worldviews thathelp us navigate and make sense of our social world. This metaphor is the:
  • A. melting pot

    B. toolkit

    C. mental construct

    D. shared system of meaning

  • In the text, the definitionof culture includes all of the following EXCEPT:
  • A.context for learning

    B. participating in dailycultural practices

    C. a phenomenon that shapesour thinking

    D. a phenomena that we never live, experience, or perform

  • The view of culture as atool kit and the definition of culture presented in the text share which of thefollowing in common?
  • A.culture is a physicalartifact

    B. culture is language

    C. culture is shared

    D.culture helps us navigate and make sense of our social worlds

  • Which of the following is an example of culture as a shared system of meanings?
  • A.the form of buildings

    B.the act of creating artwork

    C. acommunity’s subsistence pattern

    D. a parentteaching a child appropriate ways to address an elder

  • A child helping a caregiver set the table is learning about proper tableetiquette through the process of:
  • A.Socialization

    B. enculturation

    C.acculturation

    D.the developmental niche

  • Mikael’s parents immigrated to the US from the Ukraine. His caregivers useparenting practices they acquired in Russia and have adopted new parentingpractices from their new home in the US. This is an example of whichcharacteristic of culture?
  • A. adaptive andever-changing

    B.shared

    C.symbolic

    D.transmitted

  • Nationality refers to:
  • A. a person’s placeof birth

    B.the language one speaks

    C.aperson’s ethnic identity

    D.the country to which a person emigrates

  • An individual who lives and participates in more than one cultural setting is:
  • A.bilingual

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    B. bicultural

    C.biathletic

    D.bisymbolic

  • Ethnicity refers to:
  • A. aperson’s place of birth

    B. group memberswho share beliefs, customs, practices, language, and ancestry

    C.individuals who live in more than one cultural setting

    D.native parenting practices

  • One difference between ethnicity and nationality is that ethnicity is:
  • A.permanent

    B.connected to a person’s country of birth

    C.set at birth

    D. a free-flowing,social construct

  • You believe that humans should all think, feel, and act alike becausepsychological processing is independent of the context in which human activityoccurs. Your belief aligns with the concept of:
  • A. psychic unity

    B.cultural relativism

    C.universalism

    D.absolutism

  • Which of the following is a major goal of cross-cultural psychology?
  • A. to search foruniversals and cultural variability in the way we act, think, and feel

    B.to search for evidence for psychic unity

    C.to treat culture as an independent variable

    D.to search for evidence to support absolutism

  • Which of the following IS NOT true about cultural psychology?
  • A.the role of culture is equal to that of heredity in shaping our actions, thoughts,and feelings

    B.cultural psychologists are interested in the connection between culturalactivity and psychological differences

    C.cultural participation can transform most elements of the mind

    D. culturepsychology does not acknowledge the influence of nature and nurture

  • Which of the following subfields subscribes to the metaphor of culture in mind?
  • A.cultural studies

    B.anthropology

    C. culturalpsychology

    D.indigenous psychology

  • You are working with a colleague who studies psychological phenomenon in localcontexts, with local researchers, using locally derived measures andoccasionally methods. What type of social scientist is your colleague?
  • A. indigenouspsychologist

    B.cross-cultural psychologist

    C.anthropologist

    D.sociologist

  • Which of the following distinguishes anthropology from other social sciences?
  • A.an adherence to the view of psychic unity

    B. the study ofhumans across cultures and all times

    C. afocus on studying individual behavior rather than group behavior

    D. afocus on culture as an independent variable

  • Cultural studies:
  • A. is amultidisciplinary field

    B.focuses upon quantifying human activity

    C.do not focus upon the context in which human activity occurs

    D.accepts the position of psychic unity

  • Which two subfields share a focus upon studying groups rather than individualactivity?
  • A.cultural studies and psychology

    B.cultural studies and anthropology

    C. anthropology andsociology

    D.sociology and cross-cultural psychology

  • Sociology is:
  • A. thestudy of human groups across all times

    B. the study ofsocial relations, institutions, and social problems

    C.the study of psychic unity

    D.the study of the content and context in which human activity occurs

  • Which of the following is a traditional topic in sociology?
  • A. social inequality

    B.emotion

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    C.language

    D.marriage

  • The view that humans think, act, and feel the same way across cultural contextsaligns with which of the following positions?
  • A. absolutism

    B.cultural relativism

    C.universalism

    D.emics and etics

  • If you believe human nature is culturally patterned, then you would agree withwhich of the following positions?
  • A.absolutism

    B.psychic unity

    C. culturalrelativism

    D.universalism

  • Which set of terms illustrates the connection between the study of languagesand how one could investigate cultures?
  • A.socialization and enculturation

    B.socialization and acculturation

    C. emics and etics

    D.phonemes and phonetics

  • Alexandra is studying the basic meaningless units of sound in Punjabi. She isstudying:
  • A.phonetics

    B.emics

    C.etics

    D. phonemes

  • Cultural psychologists, indigenous psychologists, and anthropologistsinterested in study human activity in local contexts would most likely usewhich approach:
  • A.etic

    B. cross-cultural

    C. emic

    D.sociological

  • Many Westerners view female genital surgery as a dangerous and immoralprocedure. Judging another community’s practices and customs in the context ofyour own cultural experiences is an example of:
  • A. ethnocentrism

    B.cultural relativism

    C.absolutism

    D.universalism

  • In some Pacific Rim communities, caregivers use strict physical discipline whentheir children do not behave appropriately. If you want to understand thesebeliefs and practices in their local context and in a non-judgmental way youare taking which of the following approaches:
  • A.ethnocentrism

    B. culturalrelativism

    C.absolutism

    D.universalism

  • If you were trying to help someone reduce his or her ethnocentric thinking, youmight suggest all the following EXCEPT:
  • A.acknowledge that we always try to interpret actions from a familiar perspective

    B.be mindful of judging behavior using your own cultural framework

    C.work at accepting the actions and practices in the local cultural and socialcontexts

    D. always judgeothers using your own cultural framework

  • Individualism is a belief system that emphasizes:
  • A. self-expression

    B.group harmony

    C.interdependent relationships

    D.sensitivity to others

  • In individualism, the self is viewed as:
  • A.interconnected

    B. bounded anddistinct

    C.interdependent

    D.aconformist

  • Which of the following IS TRUE about the comparative dimension,individualism-collectivism?
  • A.cultural orientation is an all or none phenomenon

    B.all forms of collectivism are similar

    C.all members will exhibit the same level of individualism or collectivism

    D. members in someindividualistic communities may display individualistic qualities

  • Which of the following forces IS NOT a reason to study culture?
  • A. ethnocentrism

    B.modernization

    C.globalization

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    D.migration

  • The applied value of cultural psychology with respect to migration includes thefollowing EXCEPT:
  • A.helping people problem solve

    B.helping people adjust to life changes

    C.improving the quality of life of relocated people

    D. forcing people toassimilate to their new host country

  • One application of cultural psychological research in US classrooms is:
  • A.instilling mainstream American values in all school age children

    B.relying upon mainstream American cultural and behavioral scripts

    C.relying upon mainstream American teaching strategies

    D. helping studentsbridge the gap between home and school learning practices

  • Some American teachers of Western heritages may misinterpret when NativeAmerican children remain silent in class because the teachers:
  • A. are usingWestern behavioral scripts and norms

    B.are taking a cultural relativist approach

    C.are taking a universalist approach

    D.are taking an absolutist approach

  • According to San Pedro, silence fulfills several purposes for Native Americanchildren which include:
  • A.not wishing to contribute to the class discussion

    B.identityconstruction

    C. astrategy not be called upon in class

    D. away to disengage in class

  • One reason some Native Hawaiian children have difficulty in school is:
  • A. adisruptive home life

    B. a disconnectbetween home and school cultural practices

    C.an emphasis upon group learning experiences in the classroom

    D. acompartmentalized approach to learning at home

  • Which of the following programs has been successful in helping improve NativeHawaiian children’s school success?
  • A.Bridging Culture

    B.Bridging the Gap

    C. The KamehamehaElementary Education Program

    D.The Honolulu Elementary Education Program

  • Which of the following programs has been successful in helping improve Latino/achildren’s school success?
  • A. BridgingCultures

    B.Bridging the Gap

    C.The Kamehameha Elementary Education Program

    D.The Honolulu Elementary Education Program

  • Which text illustrates the connection between children’s cultural routines anddevelopmental outcomes?
  • A.Bridging Culture

    B. Playing on theMother Ground

    C.The Kamehameha Elementary Education Program

    D.The Honolulu Elementary Education Program

  • In his work, Playing on the Mother Ground, Lancy argues that:
  • A.teachers play a critical role in children’s academic success

    B.it is not necessary to bridge the gap between home and school learningpractices

    C. cultural routineshelp children acquire the norms and skills to be successful in their settings

    D.parents should be their children’s conversational partners

  • According to Lancy, what is the function of the ‘mother-ground?”
  • A. to provide aspace for children’s play close to adults so adults can keep an eye on children

    B.to keep mothers and infants in close proximity

    C.to keep mothers close to their infants for feedings

    D.to provide a place for adults to socialize

  • According to Lancy, Kpelle children’s make believe play involves:
  • A. fantasyscripts

    B.gender segregated groups

    C. reenacting adultactivities

    D.manufactured play objects

  • For many children, play functions as:
  • A. a context forlearning

    B. adistraction for children

    C. away for adults to keep an eye on children

    D. away to strengthen adult-child relationships

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  • The connection between culture and business surfaces in all the followingstatements EXCEPT?
  • A.Chinese professionals emphasize the importance of personal relationships intheir business dealings

    B.many Americans separate business and personal relationships

    C.Chinese professionals work at cultivating relationships

    D. ensuring thebusiness partnership is profitable

  • Many Chinese companies prefer long term business contracts. These companieswant to do business with people they trust. This connects to Chinese culturalvalues which emphasize:
  • A.individuality

    B.self-expression

    C.uniqueness

    D. sensitivity toothers

  • Cultural psychology emphasizes the importance of accepting and understandingactions in the context in which they occur. One such area is non-verbalcommunication. Which of the following IS TRUE if you are an Australianconducting business in China?
  • A.Itis impolite to make direct eye contact with a boss

    B.Be sure to make direct eye contact with the boss

    C.Be sure to shake hands after a business meeting

    D.Be sure to bow at the waist to every company employee

  • For clinicians, understanding and being sensitive to your client’s culturalheritage can affect all the following EXCEPT:
  • A.the goals of the therapeutic process

    B.whether the client will seek therapy

    C.what the client is able or willing to disclose to the therapist

    D. no difficulty inidentifying with the therapist

  • Helen Morton Lee’s Becoming Tongan: An Ethnography of Childhoodillustrates which of the following?
  • A.culture in mind

    B. the connectionbetween cultural practices, parental beliefs about children, and developmentaloutcomes

    C.the cultural historical developmental approach to human activity

    D.the cultural relativist perspective

  • According to Helen Morton Lee, the goal of socialization practices for Tonganchildren is:
  • A. to acquire poto

    B.to value conformity

    C.to value sensitivity to others

    D.to value individuality

  • What commonality do Kpelle and Tongan children share?
  • A.social status is important in each society

    B.they learn similar economic skills

    C. they learncultural values and skills through observation and participation in dailyactivities

    D.they both play on the mother ground

  • Which of the following cultural values IS NOT part of a Tongan child’slived experiences?
  • A.love

    B.obedience

    C.respect

    D. uniqueness

  • According to the developmental niche, which of the following is an example of aTongan caregiver psychological characteristic?
  • A. adults believechildren’s negative behaviors are simply natural

    B.adults do not believe they should play with their children

    C.children rarely watch adults to observe adult behavior

    D.children learn to bow at very young ages

  • Whichof the following is a gesture of respect?
  • A. Tuluo

    B.poto

    C. potohe anga

    D.smacking games

  • In Tonga, cultural models connect to help children learn appropriate ways toexpress emotions. Which of the following is an example?
  • A.teaching a child how to bow

    B.teaching a child a formal and respectful reply

    C. when thecaregiver uses threatening actions and cuddling with their young infant

    D.when adults play smacking games with infants

  • In their works, Lancy and Lee both illustrate:
  • A. how culturalpractices shape developmental outcomes

    B.the importance of emics and etics in research

    C.the value of using indigenous approaches

    D.the differences between ethnocentrism and cultural relativism

    FAQs

    How many answers can a multiple choice question have? ›

    It is generally accepted that multiple choice questions allow for only one answer, where the one answer may encapsulate a collection of previous options.

    How do I get all answer right on multiple choice? ›

    Multiple-Choice Test Taking Tips and Strategies
    1. Read the entire question. ...
    2. Answer it in your mind first. ...
    3. Eliminate wrong answers. ...
    4. Use the process of elimination. ...
    5. Select the best answer. ...
    6. Read every answer option. ...
    7. Answer the questions you know first. ...
    8. Make an educated guess.

    What is the most likely answer on a multiple choice test? ›

    The idea that C is the best answer to choose when guess-answering a question on a multiple choice test rests on the premise that ACT answer choices are not truly randomized. In other words, the implication is that answer choice C is correct more often than any other answer choice.

    Can multiple choice questions have more than one answer? ›

    Primarily, multiple choice questions can have single select or multi select answer options. These are the most fundamental questions of a survey or questionnaire where the respondents are expected to select one or more than one option from the multiple answer options.

    How many options is enough for a multiple-choice test item? ›

    Textbook writers often recommend four or five options per multiple-choice item, and most, if not all, testing programs in the United States also employ four or five options.

    How many possible Distractors Should a multiple-choice question have? ›

    As recently as 2002, researchers suggested we use “as many plausible distractors as feasible,” but that may mean just 3, according to Michael C. Rodriguez in “Three Options Are Optimal for Multiple-Choice Items: A Meta-Analysis of 80 Years.”

    Is ABC or D the most common answer? ›

    On tests with four choices (say, A, B, C, and D), B was slightly more likely to be correct (28%). Remember, the expected likelihood of each option being correct is 25%. And on tests with five choices (say, A, B, C, D, and E), E was the most commonly correct answer (23%). C was the least (17%).

    How do you outsmart a multiple choice test? ›

    Here are a few of Poundstone's tactics for outsmarting any multiple-choice test:
    1. Ignore conventional wisdom. ...
    2. Look at the surrounding answers. ...
    3. Choose the longest answer. ...
    4. Eliminate the outliers.
    Jun 26, 2015

    What is the best letter to guess on a test? ›

    Never, ever, ever, leave any answers blank. You have a 25% chance of getting the question right if you guess. So at the very least, always guess! Myth 2: C is the best guess letter and is right more often than any other letter.

    How can I pass my exam without studying? ›

    12 Study Hacks to pass exams without studying
    1. Find the right workplace.
    2. Make the most use of your time.
    3. Assemble your requirements properly to avoid distractions.
    4. Compile all your notes.
    5. Avoid cramming for long hours. Take breaks!
    6. Prioritize and work accordingly.
    7. Talk to someone around you.
    8. Plan as per your requirement.

    Are multiple choice tests easier? ›

    Many students think of multiple choice tests as “easy” tests, but the truth is, they can be very difficult. From “none of the above” and “all of the above” questions to the shorter amount of time many teachers allot for taking multiple choice tests, these tests can be much more challenging than students expect.

    How do you secretly cheat on a test? ›

    The Best Creative Cheat Exams Methods
    1. A water bottle trick.
    2. Stick answers on clothes and hands.
    3. Try a method of impressions.
    4. Write answers on the desk.
    5. Put test solutions on your thighs and knees.
    Jun 26, 2018

    Can multiple-choice questions have more than one answer on survey Monkey? ›

    Articles in this section

    The multiple choice question type lets a user select one answer per question. If you wish to allow a user to select more than one answer, you will want to use the Checkbox question type instead.

    What is difference between multiple-choice and multiple answer? ›

    For questions with only one correct answer, use “Multiple Choice.” For questions where you want the student to select more than one correct answer, use “Multiple Answer.”

    What are multiple responses? ›

    Multiple responses. Analyze > Multiple Response deals with questions where several answers were possible, answers stored in as many variables as there are possible answers to the question.

    What are the disadvantages of multiple choice questions? ›

    Disadvantages of MCQs
    • The Guessing Game. Since there are defined options and one has to be the correct answer, students might resort to guessing or tic tac toe technique to tick the right answer. ...
    • Creates More Confusion. ...
    • Only a Part of The Concept is Tested.
    Oct 12, 2021

    What are the advantages of multiple choice questions? ›

    Here's some key benefits of multiple choice questions.
    • Quick and simple to answer. ...
    • You can potentially ask more questions. ...
    • Mobile friendly. ...
    • Simple to analyse. ...
    • They can be time-consuming to create. ...
    • The data they produce is solely quantitative. ...
    • They can limit the respondent in their answers.

    Why multiple choice tests are good? ›

    Multiple choice test items are less susceptible to guessing than true/false questions, making them a more reliable means of assessment. The reliability is enhanced when the number of MC items focused on a single learning objective is increased.

    How do you analyze a multiple choice questionnaire? ›

    SPSS: How To Enter, Code, And Analyze Multiple Choice Data

    How do you Analyse multiple answer questions? ›

    The three general steps are:
    1. Define a set of two more responses (you cannot do step 2 without doing this step first) ...
    2. Obtain multiple response frequencies (or cross-tabs) of the set you created - this will provide frequencies and percentages of each response option by total number of responses and by cases.
    Oct 6, 2020

    How do you analyze multiple responses? ›

    To define a multiple response set through the dialog windows, click Analyze > Multiple Response > Define Variable Sets.
    1. A Variables in Set: The variables from the dataset that compose the multiple response set. ...
    2. B Variables Are Coded As: The data values used to indicate that the category was present.

    How many ways can a 6 question multiple-choice questions be answered? ›

    Explanation: In each question you have two options, T and F. Then in 6 questions you have 2 options for the first, two for the second, two for the third... At the end you get 2·2·2·2·2·2 = 26 options and 26 = 64.

    How many ways can 5 questions be answered if for every question there are 3 possible answers? ›

    3. How many ways can 5 questions be answered if for every question there are 3 possible answers? 15! is the answer, I guess.

    How many ways a student can answer a multiple correct question with four options? ›

    There are three multiple choice questions, each has four possible answers. Therefore, the total number of possible answers will be 4×4×4=64.

    What is a disadvantage of multiple-choice questions in a survey? ›

    They can limit the respondent in their answers

    Depending on what your survey is about, there can be some occasions when there's not a suitable answer available from the options you have provided for a respondent to select.

    How many possible ways can a 7 item true or false test be answered? ›

    There are 128 ways to answer a quiz with 7 true-or-false questions.

    How many ways can a student answer 4 True or false questions? ›

    For each of the four questions, there are two possible outcomes. Thus, in total, there are 24=16 ways to answer the four questions.

    What is permutation and combination? ›

    A permutation is an act of arranging the objects or numbers in order. Combinations are the way of selecting the objects or numbers from a group of objects or collection, in such a way that the order of the objects does not matter.

    How many ways can a 10 question multiple choice test be answered if each question has 4 possible answers? ›

    Here, there are 4 choices per question, and 10 questions. Choosing an answer for each question is a sequential task, so there are 4 × 4 × 4 × 4 × 4 × 4 × 4 × 4 × 4 × 4=410 ways to answer.

    How many possible answers are there in a 5 item multiple choice quiz with 4 choices for each question? ›

    1,024 <--- your answer! Hope this helps!

    How many ways can a student's check off one answer to each question and get all the questions wrong? ›

    The answer is four times itself six times, 46=4096.

    How many ways can you answer 3 multiple choice questions with the choices A B C and D? ›

    Hence, alternative (D) 64 is the correct answer to this question.

    How many choices does a student have if he has to answer 8 out of 10 questions? ›

    How many ways are there to choose the 2 questions that aren't answered? Since the first 3 questions must be answered, there are (72)=21 choices for the 2 questions that aren't answered, so there are 21 ways to choose 8 of the 10 questions if your choice is required to include the first 3 questions.

    How many sequences of answers are possible in a test having 12 multiple choice questions each question has 5 choices? ›

    Given In a test there are 12 multiple choice questions and each question has 5 choices. So, a Total of 5¹² sequences are possible in a test.

    Are multiple-choice tests fair? ›

    "Most researchers agree that multiple-choice items are poor tools for measuring the ability to synthesize and evaluate information or apply knowledge to complex problems... or solve problems..."

    Why is multiple-choice easier than fill in the blank? ›

    Multiple-choice tests are generally easier than fill-in-the-blanks tests or essays because it is easier to recognize the correct answer out of a group of possibilities than it is to have to dredge up the answer out of ones own head.

    What is one advantage of using multiple-choice items? ›

    Multiple-choice items eliminate differences between test takers based on writing skills. There is no way to correct for guessing on a multiple-choice test.

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