Psychology Careers | What are the Best Careers in Psychology in 2021? (2023)

Psychology Careers | What are the Best Careers in Psychology in 2021? (1)With a degree in Psychology, you can find many different careers within Psychology or Counseling.

Salaries and outlook for future job growth are dependent on the degree of Psychology you have, as well as the area, or type of psychology you pursue. Use this careers list to start figuring out which types of Psychology careers are out there, see which psychology degrees are best for each position, and learn more about some of the top careers in Psychology.

At the most general level, a psychologist is a professional who evaluates and studies behavior and mental processes.

In the United States, there are an estimated 181,700 psychologist jobs, with an estimated increase in job growth of 14%. Most psychologists are employed in clinical, counseling, and school positions, as of the last data in 2018 from the US Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

There are many different types of psychology – over 30 of them, by our count. We have assembled all of the different pscyhology degrees and matched them up to the different types of psychology. Then, we have researched the top careers in psychology and gathered them into one comprehensive list. From this list below on the top 25 psychology careers, you will find out the following information for each of the top 25 psychology careers listed below:

ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGIST

A Job For – The research-inclined

Area of Study – Mental Health Psychology

What Do They Do? Studies extreme or unusual human behavior, finds ways to correct or change the abnormal behavior. Tends to be more research-based.

Where Do They Work? Abnormal Psychologists typically work in clinical settings, mental health facilities or hospitals.

Psychology Program to Consider – Masters in Behavior Analysis (Master’s or Higher, Doctorate for private practice)

BEHAVIORAL PSYCHOLOGIST

A Job For – The “fixer”

Area of Study – Behavioral Psychology

What Do They Do? Similar to Abnormal Psychologists, use research-based theory to correct behaviors such as depression, substance abuse, mental illness.

Where Do They Work? Behavioral Psychologists typically work in a private practice or clinical setting, or a mental health facility.

Psychology Program to Consider – Masters in Behavior Analysis (Master’s or Higher, Doctorate for private practice)

CHILD PSYCHOLOGIST

A Job For – The compassionate

Area of Study – Family Psychology

What Do They Do? Focus on children, diagnosing and treating psychological disorders.

Where Do They Work? Child Psychologists can usually work in a private practice or clinical setting, or in a children’s hospital.

Psychology Program to Consider – Masters in Clinical Psychology (Master’s, Doctorate for private practice)

CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST

A Job For – The motivated, compassionate

Area of Study – Clinical Psychology

What Do They Do? General psychologist with all-encompassing knowledge for a clinical practice.

Where Do They Work? Clinical Psychologists usually work in a private practice or clinical setting, or a hospital or mental health facility. This is the most diverse career path with a variety of workplace settings.

Psychology Program to Consider – Masters in Clinical Psychology (Doctorate for private practice)

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGIST

A Job For – The perceptive

Area of Study – Cognitive Psychology

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What Do They Do? Study mental processes such as memory, perception, and learning.

Where Do They Work? Cognitive psychologists are usually working in research facilities or treatment facilities.

Psychology Program to Consider – Neuropsychology Degrees (Master’s, Doctorate for private practice)

COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGIST

A Job For – The compassionate and helping kind

Area of Study – Counseling

What Do They Do? An “everyday” psychologist, typically helps patients deal with everyday stress.

Where Do They Work? Counseling psychologists typically work in a private practice or business workplace.

DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGIST

A Job For – The organized, disciplined, compassionate

Area of Study – Developmental Psychology

What Do They Do? Specialized area where they work with different life stages and patients with developmental disabilities.

Where Do They Work? Developmental Psychologists usually work in a private practice or business workplace.

Psychology Program to Consider – Masters in Clinical Psychology (Master’s, Doctorate for private practice)

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGIST

A Job For – The inquisitive

Area of Study – Education

What Do They Do? Assists children that are experiencing learning problems. Can help with learning disabilities.

Where Do They Work? School or Educational Psychologists are most often working a school or educational facility or private practice.

Psychology Program to Consider – School Psychology Degrees (Master’s, Doctorate for private practice)

EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGIST

A Job For – The researcher

Area of Study – Developmental Psychology

What Do They Do? Theoretical approach to mental and psychology and adaptations.

Where Do They Work? Evolutionary Psychologists typically are employed in a research facility or a university center.

Psychology Program to Consider – PsyD in Psychology (Master’s, Doctorate for private practice)

EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGIST

A Job For – The inquisitive, research-oriented

Area of Study – Research

What Do They Do? Researchers that study behavior, thoughts, and processes in humans and animals.

Where Do They Work? Most Experimental Psychologists work in a research facility setting.

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Psychology Program to Consider – PsyD in Psychology (PhD/Doctorate or pursuing doctorate)

FAMILY THERAPY PSYCHOLOGIST

A Job For – The “family first” believers

Area of Study – Family Psychology

What Do They Do? Work with families to solve issues or disagreements.

Where Do They Work? Family Therapy Psychologists typically work in in a group setting in a private practice or community center.

Psychology Program to Consider – Masters in Family Counseling (Master’s, Doctorate for private practice)

FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGIST

A Job For – The “solvers”

Area of Study – Forensics

What Do They Do? Study criminals and their crimes to gain a better understanding of reasoning for crimes, and to help solve crimes.

Where Do They Work? Forensic Psychologists are usually employed in a laboratory or criminal facility.

Psychology Program to Consider – Forensic Psychology Degree (Master’s or Higher)

NEUROLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGIST

A Job For – The research-oriented

Area of Study – Neuropsychology

What Do They Do? Specialized profession focusing on the relationship between the brain and a person’s behavior.

Where Do They Work? Neurological Psychologists are usually in a laboratory or research facility, but the setting can vary.

Psychology Program to Consider – Neuropsychology Degree (Master’s, Doctorate for private practice)

ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGIST

A Job For – The organized, business-savvy

Area of Study – Business & Organizational Psychology

What Do They Do? Typically works in a business environment and applies psychology theory and practice to Human Resources, Sales, Marketing, and Management to help further the business.

Where Do They Work? Most Organizational Psychologists are employed in a corporation or office setting.

Psychology Program to Consider – Organizational Psychology Degree (Master’s or higher)

PSYCHIATRIC TECHNICIAN

A Job For – The helper

Area of Study – Technical Assistance

What Do They Do? Provide hands-on care to people with mental health illnesses or disabilities.

Where Do They Work? Psychiatric Technicians are most often employed in a mental health facility.

Psychology Program to Consider – Bachelors in Psychology (Associate’s or Higher)

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PROFESSOR OF PSYCHOLOGY

A Job For – The teacher

Area of Study – Education

What Do They Do? Teaches college students on the theory of psychology, either general or specialized.

Where Do They Work? Professors of Psychology usually are employed by a university or college.

Psychology Program to Consider – PsyD in Psychology (PhD/Doctorate)

PSYCHOANALYST

A Job For – The “Freud”

Area of Study – Neuropsychology

What Do They Do? Works to understand and solve problems at the sub-conscious level, based on Freudian principles.

Where Do They Work? Most Psychoanalysts work in a laboratory or private setting.

Psychology Program to Consider – Neuoropsychology Programs (Master’s or Doctorate)

SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGIST

A Job For – The helper of students

Area of Study – Education, Counseling

What Do They Do? Work with students and teachers in their abilities and processes to learn and teach. Can also work with behavior, learning, or developmental disabilities that impede learning.

Where Do They Work? School Psychologists are usually working in a school, college, or university setting.

Psychology Program to Consider – School Psychology Degree (Master’s, Doctorate for private practice)

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGIST

A Job For – The socially responsible

Area of Study – Social Psychology

What Do They Do? Works to understand an individual or group’s behaviors, feelings, and thoughts.

Where Do They Work? Social Psycholgoists are usually working in a clinical setting and sometimes a private practice.

SOCIAL WORKER

A Job For – The socially responsible

Area of Study – Social Psychology

What Do They Do? Work to protect children and families that need assistance.

Where Do They Work? Most Social Workers work within non-profits, clinical, schools, hospitals, many settings.

Psychology Program to Consider – Social Work Degree
Consider further researching social worker careers at Social Work Degrees.org (opens in a new window).

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SPORTS PSYCHOLOGIST

A Job For – The sports-inclined

Area of Study – Organizational & Sports Psychology

What Do They Do? Can work in research or counseling positions, using data and theorem to understand, correct, and challenge an athlete’s or team’s performance.

Where Do They Work? Sports Psychologists usually work with sports teams, on fields, courts, athletic facilities.

Psychology Program to Consider – Masters in Psychology (Master’s, Doctorate for private practice)

CAREER COUNSELOR

A Job For – The career adviser, helper

Area of Study – Education, Counseling

What Do They Do? Guides individuals, usually students, through the process in understanding what they want their career to be.

Where Do They Work? Career Counselors usually work in schools (particularly high schools) or counseling centers.

Psychology Program to Consider – Masters in School Psychology (Bachelor’s or Higher)

MENTAL HEALTH COUNSELOR

A Job For – The compassionate

Area of Study – Counseling, Mental Health

What Do They Do? Typically work directly with clients to understand and work to progress mental and emotional issues.

Where Do They Work? Mental Health Counselors usually work in a private practice, counseling centers, schools

Psychology Program to Consider – Masters in Applied Psychology (Master’s, Doctorate for private practice)

REHABILITATION COUNSELOR

A Job For – The rehabilitator

Area of Study – Rehabilitative Psychology

What Do They Do? Help rehabilitate issues caused by physical, mental, or emotional disability.

Where Do They Work? Rehabilitation Counselors are most often employed in rehabilitation centers, hospitals or healthcare facilities.

Psychology Program to Consider – Counseling Psychology Degree (Master’s, Doctorate for private practice)

SUBSTANCE ABUSE COUNSELOR

A Job For – The rehabilitator

Area of Study – Substance Abuse, Mental Health Psychology

What Do They Do? Works to understand and rehabilitate issues stemming from substance abuse.

Where Do They Work? Substance Abuse Counselors usually work within substance abuse centers, rehabilitation facilities, healthcare or hospital facilities.

Psychology Program to Consider – Substance Abuse Counseling Degree (Master’s, Doctorate for private practice)

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FAQs

Is psychology a good career 2021? ›

With so many psychologists needed these days, these professionals are sure to be paid quite well in 2021 and throughout the upcoming decade. That is why now is a great time to consider the following 10 highest paid jobs in the psychology field.

What is the best career option in psychology? ›

There are many different options available to psychology degree holders, depending on your specializations and interests, such as:
  • Psychologist.
  • Psychotherapist.
  • Social worker.
  • Counselor.
  • Educational psychologist.
  • Human resource manager.
  • Teacher.
  • Research roles.

Why is psychology a good career choice? ›

A degree in psychology opens up many opportunities to have a positive effect on someone's life. For example, as a practitioner in the field, you may help people overcome the effects of trauma, deal with a mental illness, face a mental health crisis or achieve personal goals.

Is psychology a good career for the future? ›

Psychology can be a fascinating topic and rewarding career choice, but that doesn't mean that it's the best major for everyone. Even if you've had a lifelong love for the subject, you might find that a future in psychology is not necessarily the best choice for you.

Is it worth to study psychology? ›

The short answer is yes. A bachelor's degree in psychology sets you up for success whether you enter the workforce immediately or continue to graduate school. Continue reading for our complete breakdown. Psychology is a fascinating science.

What psychology career is in demand? ›

Clinical Psychology is the single largest employment area in Psychology, but there is still plenty of opportunity for prospective students and professionals. The high-paying jobs in this industry require doctorate study in clinical psychology, which are highly competitive, and most programs require a 1 year internship.

What is the career of psychology? ›

Psychologists conduct both basic and applied research, serve as consultants to communities and organizations, diagnose and treat people, and teach future psychologists and those who will pursue other disciplines. They test intelligence and personality. Many psychologists work as health care providers.

Is psychology easy to study? ›

Psychology is one of the more difficult degrees and many of your assignments will require you to cite your sources and will require you to back up a lot of the arguments that you have.

Which country is best for psychology jobs? ›

Top Destinations for a Career in Psychology
  1. Canada. Over the years, Canada has become a hot choice for aspirants looking for career options in various fields, and it's the same for psychology. ...
  2. The United States of America. ...
  3. Australia. ...
  4. The United Kingdom. ...
  5. Other Countries.
Apr 18, 2022

Why do I love being a psychologist? ›

As a Therapist, I guide people through personal challenges, help ease emotional burdens, and empower people to achieve a healthier mind. With a new mindset, clients can pursue new ways to live in both their professional and personal lives.

What motivates you to become a psychologist? ›

Psychology students are often motivated by personal experiences and a wish for healthier, happier communities. The essays demonstrate the value from having a vision for your career – whether it's detailed or “big picture” – before you start a psychology degree.

How do I start a career in psychology? ›

4 Steps to Becoming a Psychologist
  1. The first step to becoming a psychologist is to earn a bachelor's degree.
  2. Earn a master's and/or doctorate in psychology.
  3. Complete an internship or postdoctoral program.
  4. Obtain a psychology license.

What do you mean psychology? ›

Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and behavior. Psychologists are actively involved in studying and understanding mental processes, brain functions, and behavior.

How can I use psychology in my professional life? ›

4 Ways to Use Psychology to Improve Your Professional Life
  1. Social proof. Social proof is the psychological phenomenon that humans behave based on how others behave. ...
  2. Consistency. It is a scientific fact that humans love commitment and consistency. ...
  3. Reciprocation. ...
  4. Building relationships.
Jun 18, 2017

Are psychologists still in demand? ›

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), employment for psychologists overall will grow by 19 percent between 2014 and 2024, much faster than the 7 percent average growth predicted for all occupations.

What is the fastest growing field in psychology? ›

Due to federal education legislation and increased awareness, school psychology is now one of the fastest growing fields within psychology. School psychologists work in elementary, middle and high schools helping kids work through the academic, social and emotion struggles they face.

Is psychology well respected? ›

Societal supply and demand by itself, would dictate that A-Level Psychology is well respected but this is backed up by the fact that Universities see it as an absolutely fantastic subject to have on your application.

Is psychology a respected field? ›

In the modern day, psychology is recognized across the world as a respected field of study. With so many academic institutions, private organizations, and government bodies working to learn more about how the human mind operates, many new and innovative methods of study have been developed in recent years.

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