Story of Salman Al-Farsi (R.A.) | IslamicFinder (2022)

This is a story of Salman the Persian or Salman Al-Farsi, who was a companion of the Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.) and the first Persian who converted to Islam. He was the one who suggested that Muslims should dig a trench around Madinah when it was attacked by the disbelievers of Makkah in the Battle of the Trench.

He was a seeker of Truth, the story of Salman the Persian, gleaned, to begin with, from his own words:

I grew up in the town of Isfahan in Persia in the village of Jayyan. My father was the Dihqan or chief of the village. He was the richest person there and had the biggest house.

Since I was a child, my father loved me, more than he loved any other. As time went by his love for me became so strong and overpowering that he feared to lose me or have anything happen to me. So he kept me at home, a veritable prisoner, in the same way that young girls were kept.

I became devoted to the Magian religion so much so that I attained the position of custodian of the fire which we worshipped. My duty was to see that the flames of the fire remained burning and that it did not go out for a single hour, day or night.

(Video) Salman Al Farsi (ra): The Truth Seeker | The Firsts | Dr. Omar Suleiman

My father had a vast estate which yielded an abundant supply of crops. He himself looked after the estate and the harvest. One day he was very busy with his duties as ‘dihqan’ in the village and he said to me:

"My son, as you see, I am too busy to go out to the estate now. Go and look after matters there for me today."

On my way to the estate, I passed a Christian church and the voices at prayer attracted my attention. I did not know anything about Christianity or about the followers of any other religion throughout the time my father kept me in the house away from people. When I heard the voices of the Christians I entered the church to see what they were doing.

I was impressed by their manner of praying and felt drawn to their religion. "By God," I said, "this is better than ours. I shall not leave them until the sun sets."

I asked and was told that the Christian religion originated in Ash-Sham (Greater Syria). I did not go to my father's estate that day and at night, I returned home. My father met me and asked what I had done. I told him about my meeting with the Christians and how I was impressed by their religion. He was dismayed and said:

"My son, there is nothing good in that religion. Your religion and the religion of your forefathers is better."
"No, their religion is better than ours," I insisted.

My father became upset and afraid that I would leave our religion. So he kept me locked up in the house and put a chain on my feet. I managed however to send a message to the Christians asking them to inform me of any caravan going to Syria. Before long they got in touch with me and told me that a caravan was headed for Syria. I managed to unfetter myself and in disguise accompanied the caravan to Syria. There, I asked who was the leading person in the Christian religion and was directed to the bishop of the church. I went up to him and said:

"I want to become a Christian and would like to attach myself to your service, learn from you and pray with you."

The bishop agreed and I entered the church in his service. I soon found out, however, that the man was corrupt. He would order his followers to give money in chanty while holding out the promise of blessings to them. When they gave anything to spend in the way of God however, he would hoard it for himself and not give anything to the poor or needy. In this way he amassed a vast quantity of gold. When the bishop died and the Christians gathered to bury him, I told them of his corrupt practices and, at their request, showed them where he kept their donations. When they saw the large jars filled with gold and silver they said.

"By God, we shall not bury him." They nailed him on a cross and threw stones at him.

I continued in the service of the person who replaced him. The new bishop was an ascetic who longed for the Hereafter and engaged in worship day and night. I was greatly devoted to him and spent a long time in his company.

(After his death, Salman attached himself to various Christian religious figures, in Mosul, Nisibis and elsewhere. The last one had told him about the appearance of a Prophet in the land of the Arabs who would have a reputation for strict honesty, one who would accept a gift but would never consume charity (sadaqah) for himself. Salman continues his story.)

(Video) Salman Al Farsi RA

A group of Arab leaders from the Kalb tribe passed through Ammuriyah and I asked them to take me with them to the land of the Arabs in return for whatever money I had. They agreed and I paid them. When we reached Wadi Al-Qura (a place between Madinah and Syria), they broke their agreement and sold me to a Jew. I worked as a servant for him but eventually he sold me to a nephew of his belonging to the tribe of Banu Qurayzah. This nephew took me with him to Yathrib, the city of palm groves, which is how the Christian at Ammuriyah had described it.

At that time, the Prophet was inviting his people in Makkah to Islam but I did not hear anything about him then because of the harsh duties which slavery imposed upon me.

When the Prophet reached Yathrib (Madihan) after his hijrah (migration) from Makkah, I was in fact at the top of a palm tree belonging to my master doing some work. My master was sitting under the tree. A nephew of his came up and said: "May God declare war on the Aws and the Khazraj (the two main Arab tribes of Yathrib). By God, they are now gathering at Quba to meet a man who has today come from Makkah and who claims he is a Prophet."

I felt hot flushes as soon as I heard these words and I began to shiver so violently that I was afraid that I might fall on my master. I quickly got down from the tree and spoke to my master's nephew. "What did you say? Repeat the news for me."

My master was very angry and gave me a terrible blow. "What does this matter to you? Go back to what you were doing," he shouted.

That evening, I took some dates that I had gathered and went to the place where the Prophet (S.A.W.) had alighted. I went up to him and said:

"I have heard that you are a righteous man and that you have companions with you who are strangers and are in need. Here is something from me as Sadaqah (charity). I see that you are more deserving of it than others."

The Prophet (S.A.W.) ordered his companions to eat but he himself did not eat of it.

(Video) Salman Al Farsi (ra): Back to Persia | The Firsts | Dr. Omar Suleiman

I gathered some more dates and when the Prophet (S.A.W.) left Quba for Madinah, I went to him and said: "I noticed that you did not eat of the sadaqah I gave. This however is a gift for you."

Of this gift of dates, both he and his companions ate.

The strict honesty of the Prophet (S.A.W.) was one of the characteristics that led Salman to believe in him and accept Islam.

Salman (R.A.) was released from slavery by the Prophet (S.A.W.) who paid his Jewish slave-owner a stipulated price and who himself planted an agreed number of date palms to secure his manumission. After accepting Islam, Salman (R.A.) would say when asked whose son he was:

"I am Salman, the son of Islam from the children of Adam."

Salman (R.A.) was to play an important role in the struggles of the growing Muslim state. At the battle of Khandaq (Battle of Trench), he proved to be an innovator in military strategy. He suggested digging a ditch or khandaq around Madinah to keep the Quraish army at bay. When Abu Sufyan, the leader of the Makkan disbelievers, saw the ditch, he said, "This strategy has not been employed by the Arabs before."

Salman (R.A.) became known as "Salman the Good". He was a scholar who lived a rough and ascetic life. He had one cloak which he wore and on which he slept. He would not seek the shelter of a roof but stayed under a tree or against a wall. A man once said to him: "Shall I not build you a house in which to live?" "I have no need of a house," he replied.

The man persisted and said, "I know the type of house that would suit you." "Describe it to me," said Salman.
"I shall build you a house which if you stand up in it, its roof will hurt your head and if you stretch your legs the wall will hurt them."

Later, as a governor of Al-Madain (Ctesiphon) near Baghdad, Salman (R.A.) received a stipend of five thousand dirhams. This he would distribute as ‘Sadaqah’ (charity). He lived from the work of his own hands. When some people came to Madain and saw him working in the palm groves, they said, "You are the ameer here and your sustenance is guaranteed and you do this work!"

"I like to eat from the work of my own hands," he replied.

(Video) Sahaba Stories - Companions Of The Prophet | Salman Al Farisi (RA) | Part 1 | Quran Stories

Salman (R.A.) however was not extreme in his asceticism. It is related that he once visited Abu Ad-Dardaa with whom the Prophet (R.A.) had joined him in brotherhood. He found Abu Ad-Dardaa's wife in a miserable state and he asked, "What is the matter with you."

"Your brother has no need of anything in this world." she replied.

When Abu Ad-Dardaa came, he welcomed Salman (R.A.) and gave him food. Salman (R.A.) told him to eat but Abu Ad-Dardaa said, "I am fasting."

"I swear to you that I shall not eat until you eat also." Said Salman (R.A.)

Salman (R.A.) spent the night there as well. During the night, Abu Ad-Dardaa got up but Salman (R.A.) got hold of him and said:

"O Abu Ad-Dardaa, your Lord has a right over you. Your family have a right over you and your body has a right over you. Give to each its due."

In the morning, they prayed together and then went out to meet the Prophet (S.A.W.). The Prophet (S.A.W.) supported Salman (R.A.) in what he had said.

As a scholar, Salman (R.A.) was noted for his vast knowledge and wisdom. Ali ibn Talib (R.A.) said of him that he was like Luqman the Wise. And Kaab Al-Ahbar said: "Salman is stuffed with knowledge and wisdom - an ocean that does not dry up." Salman (R.A.) had a knowledge of both the Christian scriptures and the Quran in addition to his earlier knowledge of the Zoroastrian religion. Salman in fact translated parts of the Quran into Persian during the life-time of the Prophet (S.A.W.). He was thus the first person to translate the Quran into a foreign language.

(Video) Lives of Sahaba 65 - Salman Al-Farsi - Sh. Dr. Yasir Qadhi

Salman (R.A.), because of the influential household in which he grew up, might easily have been a major figure in the sprawling Persian Empire of his time. His search for truth however led him, even before the Prophet (S.A.W.) had appeared, to renounce a comfortable and affluent life and even to suffer the indignities of slavery. According to the most reliable account, he died in the year thirty-five after the hijrah (35 AH), during the caliphate of Uthman ibn Affan (R.A.), at Ctesiphon.

May Allah be pleased with Salman Al-Farsi (R.A.) and reward him with the best of rewards.
AMEEN

Source: "Companions of The Prophet", Vol. 1, By: Abdul Wahid Hamid.

FAQs

Is Salman Farsi mentioned in Quran? ›

Abu Hurairah is said to have referred to Salman as "Abu al-Kitabayn" ("the father of the two books"; that is, the Bible and the Quran) and Ali is said to have referred to him as "Luqman al-Hakeem" ("Luqman the wise," a reference to a wise man mentioned in the Quran).

Who was Salman Al Farsi write about him? ›

Salmān al-Fārisī, (flourished 7th century, born near Eṣfahān, Iran), popular figure in Muslim legend and a national hero of Iran. He was a companion of the Prophet Muhammad. While still a boy he became a Christian, left his father's house, and began a long religious quest.

Where is Salman Farsi born? ›

Is Farsi the same as Persian? ›

Persian, known to its native Iranian speakers as Farsi, is the official language of modern day Iran, parts of Afghanistan and the central Asian republic of Tajikistan. Persian is one of the most important members of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European family of languages.

Which Sahabi lived the longest? ›

Anas ibn Mālik

What is the mean of Salman? ›

Salman or Salmaan (Arabic: سَلْمان salmān), also spelt Selman, is an Arabic male given name meaning "obedient, disciplined, humble, loyal, devoted, faithful, observant, sincere, truthful", "submissive, yielding, compliant", "pure, genuine, taintless, clear, exempt (free) from every imperfection, faultiness, shortcoming ...

What religion is Salman Rushdie? ›

Religious background

Rushdie came from a liberal Muslim family, but he is now an atheist. In a 2006 interview with PBS, Rushdie called himself a "hardline atheist".

Who is buried in Madain Iraq? ›

Summary
Descriptionالعربية: The tomb of Salman Al Farsi (568-655), the first Persian to convert to Islam, is at Madain south of Baghdad, Iraq. The word Mussalman may come from his name.
Date5 April 2016, 16:19:50
Sourcehttps://www.flickr.com/photos/davidstanleytravel/30236215970/
AuthorDavid Stanley
17 Dec 2016

Is Solomon a Sulaiman? ›

In Islam, Solomon is regarded as one of the prophets of God who was bestowed with many divine gifts, including the ability to speak to both animals and jinn; he is also said to have enslaved the shayāṭīn (شياطين, lit.
...
Solomon in Islam.
Prophet Sulaimān
TitleKing of Israel
ParentDāwūd (father)
6 more rows

What was the age of Hazrat Suleman? ›

According to Jewish Virtual Library, Prophet Sulaiman عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ died at the age of 60 in 931 B.C.

Who conquered Faris? ›

In December 633, Muslim forces reached the border city of Firaz, where Khalid defeated the combined Sassanid, Byzantine, and Christian Arab armies in the Battle of Firaz. This was the last battle in the conquest of Iraq.

How do you say hello in Farsi? ›

Learn Persian - Persian in Three Minutes - Greetings - YouTube

Is Parsis a Hindu? ›

They live chiefly in Mumbai and in a few towns and villages mostly to the north of Mumbai, but also at Karachi (Pakistan) and Bengaluru (Karnataka, India). Although they are not, strictly speaking, a caste, since they are not Hindus, they form a well-defined community. The exact date of the Parsi migration is unknown.

How old is Farsi language? ›

History of Persian Language

The history of the Persian language is divided into three eras: Old Persian (ca. 525 BC- 300 BC), Middle Persian (c. 300 BC- 800 AD), and Modern Persian (800 AD to the present day).

Is Sahabi tree still alive? ›

The last good fellow (Sahabi) alive, this is how people call this tree located in the inhospitable desert in northern Jordan. The Tree is one such tree that has been standing alone for the last 1500 years in a hundred square kilometers desert.

Which Sahabi is buried in India? ›

Al-Ansari was born in the city of Medina, Saudi Arabia and is a Badr Sahabi (companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and participated in Badr war).
...
Tamim al-Ansari
BurialDargah Thameem Al Ansari, Kovalam, Tamil Nadu, India
Names Tameem ibn Yu'ar al-Ansari
TribeKhazraj
FatherYu'ar bin Qays al-Khazraji
1 more row

Who is the best Sahabi? ›

Salman is generally considered to be the loftiest amongst these elite four in Shia theology. It is narrated from the prophet Muhammad that: Faith has ten grades, and Salman is on the tenth (i.e., highest) grade, Abu Dharr on the ninth, and Miqdad on the eighth grade.

Is Salman a last name? ›

Last name: Salman

This intriguing and unusual name is of early medieval English origin, and derives from the Middle English and Old French given name "Salmon" or "Saumon", a contracted form of Salomon.

How do you say Salman? ›

How To Say Salman - YouTube

Where is the last name Salman from? ›

Salman is a name that dates far back into the mists of early British history to the days of the Anglo-Saxon tribes. It is derived from the baptismal name Soloman, which was an ancient personal name. Baptismal names began to appear as surnames relatively late in the growth of the naming tradition.

How old is Iran? ›

Iran is the oldest country in the world with its sovereignty coming back in 3200 BC. Egypt is a close second with its establishment happening in 3100 BC. The rest of the three countries in the top five are Vietnam (2879 BC), Armenia (2492 BC), and North Korea (2333 BC).

Is Iran Islamic? ›

Iran is an Islamic country where, according to official statistics, over 99% of the citizens are Muslim.

Is Farsi easy? ›

Not as Hard as You Think. While by no means among the easiest of languages to learn, Persian is considered relatively easy for English-speaking people to learn compared to other Middle Eastern languages. It is remarkably simple in terms of formal grammar.

Why was Rushdie attacked? ›

The magic-realism novel won him the Booker Prize in 1981. In 1988, Rushdie published his fourth novel, The Satanic Verses. Some Muslims considered the novel disrespectful of the Prophet Mohammed. Some of his publishers and translators were also attacked and killed.

What is a fatwa in Islam? ›

The Arabic word fatwa can mean “explanation” or “clarification.” It refers, in simple terms, to an edict or ruling by a recognized religious authority on a point of Islamic law.

What is Rushdie famous for? ›

Rushdie is an author, best known for his 1988 novel The Satanic Verses — dubbed by publishing house Penguin Books as one of the most controversial books of modern times. The 75-year-old was born into a Muslim Kashmiri family in Bombay, now Mumbai, before moving to the UK.

Where is Prophet Adam buried? ›

There are a number of locations identified by Muslim exegetes as being the final resting place of Adam. The main three places are Mecca (Mount Abu Qubays), Jerusalem, and Khalil (Hebron).

Was Bilquis a jinn? ›

Thus was born the beautiful Bilqis (aka the Queen of Sheba) from the union of a jinn mother (or father) and a human father (or mother) (Figure 1.2). Whether from her mother, her father, or both, Bilqis inherited supernatural power and carried it in her veins.

How many wives did King Solomon have? ›

Solomon, third king of Israel (reigned c. 968–928 B.C.E.), is said to have had a harem that included 700 wives and 300 concubines (1 Kgs 11:3). His wives were to have included the daughter of Pharaoh, as well as women of Moabite, Edomite, Sidonian, and Hittite origins (1 Kgs 7:8; 11:1).

Who was Solomon's first wife? ›

Naamah (wife of Solomon)

Who is the richest prophet in Islam? ›

One of the wealthiest among the companions, he is known for being one of the ten to whom Paradise was promised.
...
Abd al-Rahman ibn Awf.
ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn ʿAwf عبد الرحمن بن عوف
Known forbeing a companion of Muhammad; one of the ten to whom Paradise was promised
OccupationBusinessman
RelationsBanu Zuhrah (clan)
Muslim leader
8 more rows

Which mosque was built by Jinns? ›

Jinn mosque
Interior of Jinn mosque
Religion
AffiliationIslam
Statusrestored
9 more rows

Is Pashto The language of Jinns? ›

Afghan was the son of Prophet Sulaiman عليه السلام.

This was then his father taught him the language of Jinns and named the language as Pashtu. The historians believe that the descendants of Afghan were named as Afghanis or Pashtuns and their language is known as Pashto.

Why did Iran convert to Islam? ›

The Islamization of Iran occurred as a result of the Muslim conquest of Persia in 633–654 AD. It was a long process by which Islam, though initially rejected, was gradually accepted by the majority of the population.

When did Iran become Shia? ›

First, a brief history lesson: How did Iran become Shia? Until the 16th century, Persia was mostly Sunni. At the turn of that century, the Safavid dynasty conquered much of what is now Iran and made Shiism the official religion.

Who destroyed Persian Empire? ›

Any visitor to the spectacular ruins of Persepolis - the site of the ceremonial capital of the ancient Persian Achaemenid empire, will be told three facts: it was built by Darius the Great, embellished by his son Xerxes, and destroyed by that man, Alexander.

What religion is Salman Rushdie? ›

Religious background

Rushdie came from a liberal Muslim family, but he is now an atheist. In a 2006 interview with PBS, Rushdie called himself a "hardline atheist".

Who is buried in Madain Iraq? ›

Summary
Descriptionالعربية: The tomb of Salman Al Farsi (568-655), the first Persian to convert to Islam, is at Madain south of Baghdad, Iraq. The word Mussalman may come from his name.
Date5 April 2016, 16:19:50
Sourcehttps://www.flickr.com/photos/davidstanleytravel/30236215970/
AuthorDavid Stanley
17 Dec 2016

Is Solomon a Sulaiman? ›

In Islam, Solomon is regarded as one of the prophets of God who was bestowed with many divine gifts, including the ability to speak to both animals and jinn; he is also said to have enslaved the shayāṭīn (شياطين, lit.
...
Solomon in Islam.
Prophet Sulaimān
TitleKing of Israel
ParentDāwūd (father)
6 more rows

What do you mean by fatwa? ›

fatwa, in Islam, a formal ruling or interpretation on a point of Islamic law given by a qualified legal scholar (known as a mufti). Fatwas are usually issued in response to questions from individuals or Islamic courts.

Why was Rushdie attacked? ›

The magic-realism novel won him the Booker Prize in 1981. In 1988, Rushdie published his fourth novel, The Satanic Verses. Some Muslims considered the novel disrespectful of the Prophet Mohammed. Some of his publishers and translators were also attacked and killed.

What is a fatwa in Islam? ›

The Arabic word fatwa can mean “explanation” or “clarification.” It refers, in simple terms, to an edict or ruling by a recognized religious authority on a point of Islamic law.

Where is Prophet Adam buried? ›

There are a number of locations identified by Muslim exegetes as being the final resting place of Adam. The main three places are Mecca (Mount Abu Qubays), Jerusalem, and Khalil (Hebron).

Was Bilquis a jinn? ›

Thus was born the beautiful Bilqis (aka the Queen of Sheba) from the union of a jinn mother (or father) and a human father (or mother) (Figure 1.2). Whether from her mother, her father, or both, Bilqis inherited supernatural power and carried it in her veins.

How many wives did King Solomon have? ›

Solomon, third king of Israel (reigned c. 968–928 B.C.E.), is said to have had a harem that included 700 wives and 300 concubines (1 Kgs 11:3). His wives were to have included the daughter of Pharaoh, as well as women of Moabite, Edomite, Sidonian, and Hittite origins (1 Kgs 7:8; 11:1).

Who was Solomon's first wife? ›

Naamah (wife of Solomon)

How do you say hello in Farsi? ›

Learn Persian - Persian in Three Minutes - Greetings - YouTube

How old is Iran? ›

Iran is the oldest country in the world with its sovereignty coming back in 3200 BC. Egypt is a close second with its establishment happening in 3100 BC. The rest of the three countries in the top five are Vietnam (2879 BC), Armenia (2492 BC), and North Korea (2333 BC).

How old is Persian? ›

History of Persian Language

The history of the Persian language is divided into three eras: Old Persian (ca. 525 BC- 300 BC), Middle Persian (c. 300 BC- 800 AD), and Modern Persian (800 AD to the present day).

Videos

1. Salman al-Farsi RA | Seeker of the Truth
(FreeQuranEducation)
2. Seerah #33 - The Amazing Story of Salman Al-Farisi
(King Fahad Mosque)
3. Lessons from the story of Salman Al-Farisi r.a.
(Office of the Mufti)
4. Amazing story of Salman Al farsi RA the seeker of the truth Real life story 06
(YoQuran Studio)
5. Sahaba Stories - Companions Of The Prophet | Salman Al Farisi (RA) | Part 2 | Quran Stories
(Stories of the Prophets - Quran Stories)
6. The Love Story of the Companion of the Prophet Muhammad SAW, Salman al-Farisi (Salman the Persian)
(Islamic Saga)

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